13 Tips to Support Your Socially Worried Child
Parents often ask me how to help children who are "shy."A large NIMH study in 2011 found that half of all teenagers in the United States think of themselves as shy. But what does shy even mean?
Some children who are considered shy are highly sensitive, meaning very aware of and strongly affected by their environment. Others are introverted, meaning that they need time away from other people to renew their energy. Some children are so absorbed in their own projects and ideas that they're less interested in social interaction. Other children who are described as shy want very much to connect socially but feel awkward or anxious. And of course, there can be overlap among children who fit these descriptions.
So let's say, for the purposes of this article, that you're reading this because you want to support your child in being more comfortable in social situations.
Hopefully, you appreciate your unique child, who probably notices social nuances that other children miss. But kids who get anxious in social situations are sometimes at a disadvantage in our outgoing, busy culture, because they have a harder time relaxing to connect with others. "Shyness" can keep children from learning the social skills that let them be part of a group, and it can even compromise their school performance by making them anxious about asking questions. Worst of all, some kids can begin a pattern of isolation that keeps them from meeting others, beginning friendships, and simply connecting with other human beings. Scientists now think that social contact is one of our most important human needs, positively impacting our emotional and physical health on every level throughout our lives.
The good news is that most kids can learn to manage social anxiety so they can connect happily with others, enter new groups, and speak up for themselves. They just need a little extra support. In fact, half of all adults think of themselves as "shy," and many more say that they were "shy" as children. And yet those adults don't feel socially awkward today, at least most of the time. They've gained confidence that they can successfully handle most situations they encounter.
So what’s the best way to support your child to become more comfortable socially?
1. Nurture your child by noticing her needs and responding to them. Highly sensitive baby chimps given to extremely nurturing mothers became leaders in their group, while their equally sensitive siblings raised by average mothers seemed anxious and fearful throughout life. Responsive mothering helps sensitive little ones learn to calm themselves and manage their reactions. That allows their heightened sensitivity to become an asset, because it makes them more responsive to the needs of their peers and better at negotiating group situations.
2. Empathize with your child’s worries and avoid shaming him. Acknowledging what he feels, without negative judgment, helps him to feel good about himself. Giving him the impression that there is something wrong with him will just make him feel worse about himself, and therefore more insecure . Empathizing with your child will also help him develop empathy, which will enhance his social skills and help him connect with others.
3. Model confident behavior with other people. Kids learn from watching us. That means being friendly to strangers, offering help to others, and modeling a relaxed attitude about social interactions of all kinds.
4. Teach your child basic social skills to respond to both adults and children. Kids often need to be taught to make eye contact, shake hands, smile, and respond to polite chit-chat appropriately. Make games out of social skills and practice at home.
5. Help your child learn how to make friends. Role play with them how to join a game at the playground, introduce themselves to another child at a party, or initiate a playdate. Kids who are successful in joining groups of kids usually observe first, and find a way to fit into the group, rather than just barging in. It can really help to read books about social skills with your child and then role play. Several good ones are listed at the end of this article, for children of different ages.
6. Coach your child to express her needs and stand up for herself in social situations. All children need the confidence that they can handle what comes up when parents aren't around. This is especially important when peers tease or bully. Roleplaying is essential in learning skills, play is very helpful in managing anxiety, and reading books and discussing "What would you do?" is invaluable in helping you understand how to help your child. One good book to help you coach your child, offering scripts and strategies, is Scott Cooper's Sticks and Stones: 7 Ways Your Child Can Deal with Teasing, Conflict, and Other Hard Times. Several books for kids on how to handle bullying are listed at the end of this article. You may also want to read the article Bully-Proof Your Child on this website.
7. Don’t label your child as shy. Instead, acknowledge his worries and point out that he can overcome his fears. For instance, “Sometimes it takes you awhile to warm up in a new situation. Remember Billy’s birthday party, how you held my hand all through the games? But by the end, you were having lots of fun with the other kids.”
8. Teach your child effective strategies for dealing with feelings of social awkwardness. The general rule of thumb is to accept the nervousness that comes up as a part of normal life that affects most people, reassure yourself that you’re ok anyway, and focus on others rather than yourself. For instance, remind your child that she doesn’t have to be interesting, just interested, and teach her to ask other kids questions and listen to their answers. Brainstorm with her how she might handle a situation that makes her nervous: “If you feel nervous at the party today, what could you do to make yourself more comfortable? Could you hang out with one of the kids you know from school? Could you offer to help serve the refreshments? What do you think you might talk with the other kids about?” Once she knows she can handle whatever comes up, she'll feel more ready to tackle a new experience.
9. Provide your child with daily opportunities to interact with others. Socially anxious children need downtime, of course, especially if they're introverts. But they also need plenty of opportunities to practice their social skills. And remember that empathizing doesn’t mean being over-protective. Applaud every little step he takes on his own.
10. Don't push your child to perform. Some children like telling jokes or showing off their new ability for Grandma, but many kids hate it. Enjoy your unique child without making him feel like he's only valued if he performs.
11. Teach your child that one good friend is worth many acquaintances. Some parents worry if their child isn't the life of the party. But what's important is that your child feel connected, like she has someone she can talk to, or someone he wants to play with at recess. It's not necessary to have a lot of friends, just a few good ones.
12. Don’t create social anxiety by teaching young children to be afraid of strangers. Instead, teach your child that he or she should always be with you, or with a teacher or trusted babysitter. If her special adult is with her, your child doesn’t need to be afraid of strangers. Once she’s old enough to begin walking home from school by herself, you can begin discussing how to keep herself safe.
13. If your child seems generally fearful, consider that she's got some tears and fears inside that need to be expressed. When kids experience something scary and don't feel safe at that moment, the fears get repressed. You can think of this as stuffing them in an emotional backpack, to be processed later. The problem is that humans don't willingly subject themselves to scary feelings. So often those tears and fears stay locked up inside. But since the body knows those emotions need to be felt -- so they can evaporate -- the feelings are always trying to bubble up. Children who are trying to keep fear at bay often become generally fearful and even rigid. If this describes your child, give her daily opportunities to giggle by playing games that dance just on the edge of fear -- bucking bronco rides, for instance. That takes the edge off anxiety. And when she feels safe enough to let those fears surface in tears, welcome her meltdown. On the other side of it, you'll have a less fearful, more flexible child.
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